How to Eat Well With with Hypothyroidism…
Dr Victor Marchione | July 1st, 2015
Our thyroid is often overlooked unless a doctor raises concerns about it. Although you may not think about it much it plays a major role in producing hormones and regulating our metabolism. When this process is thrown off it can cause hypothyroidism.
What is hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is a disruption in the normal processes carried out by the thyroid. Production of hormones reduces which can lead to weight gain, constipation, changes in skin – becoming too dry – fatigue and even depression.
Hypothyroidism can occur if the thyroid is removed through surgery, stress or simply if it stops functioning as normal.
The good news is hypothyroidism is manageable and one way to do so is through diet.
Hypothyroidism and diet
Just as our body requires nutrients for it to function properly, so does the thyroid either. This is why hypothyroidism and diet is so important for proper management.
There are certain types of food which are best for hypothyroidism. They are iodine rich foods and selenium rich foods. Before we outline foods for hypothyroidism let’s discuss the importance of iodine and selenium.
Iodine is required for the normal functioning of the thyroid so when the thyroid is under-performing, boosting iodine can help it. Iodine-rich foods may aid in symptoms associated with hypothyroidism and assist your metabolism. Selenium is also highly beneficial for your thyroid as it aids in the production of hormones making your thyroid not have to work as hard.
Now that we understand the role of iodine and selenium in addressing hypothyroidism, let’s outline foods that you should eat if you have hypothyroidism.
- Whole unrefined grains
- Iodized salt
- Dairy products
- Beans and legumes
- Fruits and vegetables.
Eating foods to help hypothyroidism can benefit your overall good health as well. Eating them daily can help boost the health of your thyroid and make living with hypothyroidism manageable and easier to live with.
On the other hand, there are foods you should avoid as they can worsen symptoms and the condition itself.
Foods to avoid with hypothyroidism
Many of the foods to avoid with hypothyroidism are common foods that should generally be avoided or limited as they do not contribute to good health. These items are:
- Soy: Soy can interfere with hormones, especially in women.
- Cruciferous vegetables: Generally food items like broccoli and cabbage are recommended for healthy eating but not if you have hypothyroidism. This type of food can interfere with the production of thyroid hormones.
- Gluten: Although commonly avoided by those with Celiac disease gluten should also be avoided if you have hypothyroidism.
- Fatty food: Fatty foods may interrupt the absorption of thyroid medications
- Sugary foods: With an already slower metabolism adding sugary foods will lead to greater weight gain.
- Processed foods: Hypothyroidism can result in individual’s having higher blood pressure so the added salts from processed foods will only worsen this.
- Too much fiber: Fiber is good to keep us regular but not in the case of those with hypothyroidism.
- Coffee: You may have to cut back on your morning coffee. Caffeine can limit the absorption of thyroid hormone replacement medications.
- Alcohol: Alcohol can disrupt the production of thyroid hormones and reduce the body’s ability to utilize these hormones.
If you’ve already been diagnosed with hypothyroidism then you are now aware of the best foods for hypothyroidism. If you have concerns about your thyroid but haven’t gotten it checked out yet this is a list of the symptoms you may be experiencing.
- Thinning hair
- Weight gain
- Dry skin
- Memory fog
- Weakness of muscles
- Elevated blood pressure
- Pain, stiffness or swelling of joints
- Slowed heart rate
- Changes in menstrual cycle
- Elevated blood cholesterol
- Sensitivity to cold.
These symptoms, although part of hypothyroidism, are also quite common among other illnesses. Speak to your doctor and get your thyroid checked to know for sure.
Living with hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is something you can live with. Along with medications, a hypothyroidism diet can greatly improve your everyday life and assist your thyroid. Enjoying these foods to help hypothyroidism is a great way to boost iodine and selenium – both essential for a healthy thyroid. Lastly, ensuring you’re not consuming the foods to avoid for hypothyroidism can help you feel better in the long run and make your thyroid hormone replacement that much more effective.
About The Author:
Dr. Victor Marchione received his Bachelor of Science Degree in 1973 and continued on to do his Medical Degree at the University of Messina. He has been licensed and practicing medicine in New York and New Jersey for more than 20 years. For more visit Bel Marra Health.